git-merge-file - Run a three-way file merge
git merge-file [-L <current-name> [-L <base-name> [-L <other-name>]]]
[--ours|--theirs|--union] [-p|--stdout] [-q|--quiet] [--marker-size=<n>]
<current-file> <base-file> <other-file>
git merge-file incorporates all changes that lead from the <base-file>
to <other-file> into <current-file>. The result ordinarily goes into
<current-file>. git merge-file is useful for combining separate changes
to an original. Suppose <base-file> is the original, and both
<current-file> and <other-file> are modifications of <base-file>, then
git merge-file combines both changes.
A conflict occurs if both <current-file> and <other-file> have changes
in a common segment of lines. If a conflict is found, git merge-file
normally outputs a warning and brackets the conflict with lines
containing <<<<<<< and >>>>>>> markers. A typical conflict will look
lines in file A
lines in file B
If there are conflicts, the user should edit the result and delete one
of the alternatives. When --ours, --theirs, or --union option is in
effect, however, these conflicts are resolved favouring lines from
<current-file>, lines from <other-file>, or lines from both
respectively. The length of the conflict markers can be given with the
The exit value of this program is negative on error, and the number of
conflicts otherwise. If the merge was clean, the exit value is 0.
git merge-file is designed to be a minimal clone of RCS merge; that is,
it implements all of RCS merge's functionality which is needed by
This option may be given up to three times, and specifies labels to
be used in place of the corresponding file names in conflict
reports. That is, git merge-file -L x -L y -L z a b c generates
output that looks like it came from files x, y and z instead of
from files a, b and c.
Send results to standard output instead of overwriting
Quiet; do not warn about conflicts.
--ours, --theirs, --union
Instead of leaving conflicts in the file, resolve conflicts
favouring our (or their or both) side of the lines.
git merge-file README.my README README.upstream
combines the changes of README.my and README.upstream since README,
tries to merge them and writes the result into README.my.
git merge-file -L a -L b -L c tmp/a123 tmp/b234 tmp/c345
merges tmp/a123 and tmp/c345 with the base tmp/b234, but uses
labels a and c instead of tmp/a123 and tmp/c345.
Part of the git(1) suite