git-revert - Revert some existing commits
git revert [--edit | --no-edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s]
Given one or more existing commits, revert the changes that the related
patches introduce, and record some new commits that record them. This
requires your working tree to be clean (no modifications from the HEAD
Note: git revert is used to record some new commits to reverse the
effect of some earlier commits (often only a faulty one). If you want
to throw away all uncommitted changes in your working directory, you
should see git-reset(1), particularly the --hard option. If you want to
extract specific files as they were in another commit, you should see
git-checkout(1), specifically the git checkout <commit> — <filename>
syntax. Take care with these alternatives as both will discard
uncommitted changes in your working directory.
Commits to revert. For a more complete list of ways to spell commit
names, see gitrevisions(7). Sets of commits can also be given but
no traversal is done by default, see git-rev-list(1) and its
With this option, git revert will let you edit the commit message
prior to committing the revert. This is the default if you run the
command from a terminal.
-m parent-number, --mainline parent-number
Usually you cannot revert a merge because you do not know which
side of the merge should be considered the mainline. This option
specifies the parent number (starting from 1) of the mainline and
allows revert to reverse the change relative to the specified
Reverting a merge commit declares that you will never want the tree
changes brought in by the merge. As a result, later merges will
only bring in tree changes introduced by commits that are not
ancestors of the previously reverted merge. This may or may not be
what you want.
See the revert-a-faulty-merge How-To for more details.
With this option, git revert will not start the commit message
Usually the command automatically creates some commits with commit
log messages stating which commits were reverted. This flag applies
the changes necessary to revert the named commits to your working
tree and the index, but does not make the commits. In addition,
when this option is used, your index does not have to match the
HEAD commit. The revert is done against the beginning state of your
This is useful when reverting more than one commits' effect to your
index in a row.
Add Signed-off-by line at the end of the commit message.
Use the given merge strategy. Should only be used once. See the
MERGE STRATEGIES section in git-merge(1) for details.
Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the merge
strategy. See git-merge(1) for details.
git revert HEAD~3
Revert the changes specified by the fourth last commit in HEAD and
create a new commit with the reverted changes.
git revert -n master~5..master~2
Revert the changes done by commits from the fifth last commit in
master (included) to the third last commit in master (included),
but do not create any commit with the reverted changes. The revert
only modifies the working tree and the index.
Part of the git(1) suite
1. revert-a-faulty-merge How-To